What is a daycare service?
The daycare is an educational establishment, public management, private establishment that trains children between 0 and 3 years. Those responsible for supervising children are professionals in the area of early education, preschool education or early childhood education and their job is not only to supervise children and provide them with the necessary care of their age, encouraging them to learn in a playful way by stimulating their cognitive, physical and emotional areas. Unfortunately, it is not always easy to get a vacant place, since in many cities the supply is less than the demand or because these services are usually very expensive.
The daycare centres do not only provide care services but also serve as the first contact with social groups. It is a suitable stage to improve social relations, language, behaviour, physical and psychological reinforcement, among others. They provide a great opportunity to detect bad habits and child maltreatment and also serve the purpose of early evaluation of possible anomalies, both physical and behavioural.
There is a slight difference between daycare and preschool, daycare offers more assistance in the child’s care while a preschool is more educationally inclined. Generally, the age range for a baby to be enrolled in daycare is between 0 to 3 years while a preschool is between 3 to 6 years. Sometimes parents enrol the babies in a preschool from 0 to 6 years.
Purpose and structure of a daycare
Daycare programs are usually intended primarily to provide supervision for your child while you are not available, for example, during work hours. The structure of daycare programs varies greatly from one program to another. Some daycare centres are structured to provide a safe place for unstructured play, napping and meal times. In these settings, your child will benefit from learning to play with others and develop social skills. Some more advanced daycare centres focus more intensely on the child’s development. These programs not only provide the same care as the others but can work with your child on appropriate manners, routines, play skills (e.g., sharing and taking turns) and perhaps some early literacy skills, providing toys and other materials that allow children to become familiar with letters, words, and sounds.
Purpose and structure of the preschool
The goal of preschool education is to prepare your 3, 4 or 5-year-old child for the school environment. Children who attend preschool usually enter kindergarten prepared to learn and with the background knowledge that other students may not have, as preschool students benefit from being in an environment intended for learning, rather than playing exclusively. Preschool day is structured in order to provide a routine for children. There are specific times to eat, nap, play and participate in learning activities. Often, preschools focus on the development of early literacy skills, as well as background knowledge by reading stories, during which children engage in meaningful discussion or learn important information, such as the colours, shapes, and numbers.
During learning times, preschoolers do not focus only on the content, but on the skills necessary to succeed in learning. Children are taught important listening skills, as well as behaviours, such as raising their hands and taking turns that will be crucial for their rapid assimilation in their early years. Preschoolers also incorporate music, memory games, and structured day care centres in Darwin to attract children and provide more learning opportunities that are appropriate for the development of young students. In addition, preschool children are often encouraged to practice independence, from letting out their emotions to learning to independently resolve conflicts with their peers.